Hearing loss in children

Hearing loss in children

It’s crucial that children with hearing impairment are treated as early as possible. As a result, it is important that parents and guardians pay attention to their listening and speaking progress. If it’s congenital, then the doctors should figure out during the hearing screening tests usually carried out as soon as the child is born but hearing difficulties can develop long after child birth as in the event of viral infections or injury to the olfactory organs which is usually the case. Older than a year until puberty is the age group for children, when they are older than a year, hearing loss may become obvious because it affects their speech and awareness. Infants are younger and treatment to hearing difficulties is always better at the infant stage which is why parents should monitor their verbal and audial development.


What causes hearing loss in children?

Congenital causes

Babies born into families with a history of hearing loss are at higher risk and should be screened periodically. The fact that it is ‘congenital’ means the child was born with the difficulty or abnormality. Most times, it is inherited and tied to genes received from either parents or both. In this case, it is called genetic hearing loss. Genetic hearing loss can also be due to chromosomal disorders like Down syndrome.

Other times, a congenital hearing loss could be non-genetic. This could be as a result of different external and internal factors such as:

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  • Complications at childbirth. The point of childbirth is critical and fragile. Difficulties at child birth could lead to dysfunction of organs which could result in hearing loss especially when the child has to be exposed to serious medications at birth.
  • Premature birth. Babies born earlier than normal may be at risk. The earlier, the higher the risk. This is also associated to the baby’s weight at childbirth.
  • Drug addiction or abuse by the mother can affect developing fetus.

Otitis Media

Very common in children is the middle ear infection called otitis media which affects many children at the early stages of their lives. It could be mild at times and not need any medication as it goes away spontaneously in mild cases.


How does it occur?

It stems from respiratory disorders. The Eustachian tube that passes from the mid-ear is more easily blocked in children and when this happens, fluid accumulates in it which may end up infected. In acute otitis media, the fluid is affected by a bacterium and causes inflammation of the olfactory regions.


Common symptoms

Symptoms include fever, difficulty hearing, frequent ear discharge and ear ache.

Persistent Otitis media demand medication. It is advised that you take your child to an audiologist. The child’s hearing problem may not be Otitis media. There are other reasons such as head injury why a child may not hear properly. You can get your child’s hearing problem diagnosed and fixed at Audiologie centre-Ouest and other reputable audiology facilities that provides hearing aid and services to children and older people.

Category Health